STEW-MAP: The Stewardship Mapping and Assessment Project

functions of stewardship

Publications & Products

General Technical Reports

Landau, Laura; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Johnson, Michelle; Svendsen, Erika; Berman, Holly. 2019. STEW-MAP in the New York City region: survey results of the Stewardship Mapping and Assessment Project. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-189. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 69 p.

Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Fisher, Dana R.; Connolly, James J.T.; Johnson, Michelle L.; Sonti, Nancy F.; Locke, Dexter H.; Westphal, Lynne M.; LeBlanc Fisher, Cherie; Grove, J. Morgan; Romolini, Michele; Blahna, Dale J.; Wolf, Kathleen L. 2016. Stewardship mapping and assessment project: a framework for understanding community-based environmental stewardship. Gen. Tech. Rep. 156. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 134 p.

Journal Articles

Caggiano, Holly; Landau, Laura F.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Johnson, Michelle L.; Svendsen, Erika S. 2022. Civic Stewardship and Urban Climate Governance: Opportunities for Transboundary Planning. Journal of Planning Education and Research. 14 p.

Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Johnson, Michelle L.; Plitt, Sophie. 2022. Not by trees alone: Centering community in urban forestry. Landscape and Urban Planning. 224(6): 104445. 8 p.

Plitt, Sophie; Andersson, Erik; Johnson, Michelle. 2022. Assessing the Potential of E-Tools for Knowledge Sharing and Stewardship of Urban Green Infrastructure. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry. 48(2): 124-137.

Campbell, L.K.; Svendsen, E.; Johnson, M.; Landau, L. 2021. Activating urban environments as social infrastructure through civic stewardship. Urban Geography, 1-22.

Dacks, R; McMillen, H; Heimuli, P; Kahaleua, K; Burgess, S; Giardina, CP; Francisco, K; Ticktin, T. 2021. The Important Role of Environmental Stewardship Groups in Supporting Human Health and Well-Being. Front. Sustain. Cities 3:710355. doi: 10.3389/frsc.2021.710355

Johnson, Michelle L.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S. 2020. Conceptualizing, analyzing, and supporting stewardship: examining the role of civil society in environmental governance. Ecology and Society. 25(4): Art. 14. 4 p.

McMillen, Heather L.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Kealiikanakaoleohaililani, Kekuhi; Francisco, Kainana S.; Giardina, Christian P. 2020. Biocultural stewardship, Indigenous and local ecological knowledge, and the urban crucible. Ecology and Society. 25(2): 9.

Filip, A. 2020. Local institutions of culture as urban stewards: in pursuit of hybrid governance in Warsaw, Poland. Ecology and Society, 25(2).

Blanc, Nathalie. 2019. From ordinary environmentalism to the public environment: theoretical reflections based on French and European empirical research. Ecology and Society, 24(3).

Jasny, Lorien; Johnson, Michelle; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika; Redmond, Josh. 2019. Working together: the roles of geographic proximity, homophilic organizational characteristics, and neighborhood context in civic stewardship collaboration networks in Philadelphia and New York City. Ecology and Society. 24(4): 8. 24 p.

Johnson, Michelle L.; Locke, Dexter H.; Svendsen, Erika; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Westphal, Lynne M.; Romolini, Michele; Grove, J. Morgan. 2019. Context matters: influence of organizational, environmental, and social factors on civic environmental stewardship group intensity. Ecology and Society. 24(4): 14 p.

Muñoz-Erickson, T.A.; Campbell, L.K.; Childers, D.L.; Grove, J.M.; Iwaniec, D.M.; Pickett, S.T.A. et al. 2016 Demystifying governance and its role for transitions in urban social–ecological systems. Ecosphere, 7 (11), 1-11.

Romolini, Michele; Bixler, R. Patrick; Grove, J. Morgan. 2016. A Social-ecological framework for urban stewardship network research to promote sustainable and resilient cities. Sustainability. 8(10): 956. [15 p.].

Westphal, Lynne M.; Davis, Amelie Y.; Copp, Cindy; Ross, Laurel M.; Bouman, Mark J.; Fisher, Cherie L.; Johnston, Mark K. 2014. Characteristics of stewardship in the Chicago Wilderness Region. Cities and the Environment. 7(1): article 3.

Connolly, James J.T.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Fisher, Dana R.; Campbell, Lindsay K.. 2014. Networked governance and the management of ecosystem services: The case of urban environmental stewardship in New York City. Ecosystem Services. 10: 187-194.

Locke, D. H.; King, K. L.; Svendsen, E. S.; Campbell, L. K.; Small, C., Sonti, N. F.; Lu, J. W. T. 2014. Urban environmental stewardship and changes in vegetative cover and building footprint in New York City neighborhoods (2000–2010). Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. doi:10.1007/s13412-014-0176-x.

Romolini, M.; Grove, J. M.; Locke, D. H. 2013. Assessing and comparing relationships between urban environmental stewardship networks and land cover in Baltimore and Seattle. Landscape and Urban Planning, 120, 190–207. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.08.008.

Connolly, J. J.; Svendsen, E. S.; Fisher, D. R.; Campbell, L. K. 2012. Organizing urban ecosystem services through environmental stewardship governance in New York City. Landscape and Urban Planning, 1–9. doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.07.001.

Fisher, D. R.; Campbell, L. K.; & Svendsen, E. S. 2012. The organisational structure of urban environmental stewardship. Environmental Politics, (January 2012), 37-41.

Wolf, K. L.; Blahna, D. J.; Brinkley, W.; Romolini, M. 2011. Environmental stewardship footprint research: linking human agency and ecosystem health in the Puget Sound region. Urban Ecosystems. doi:10.1007/s11252-011-0175-6.

Svendsen, E. S.; Campbell, L. K. 2008. Urban Ecological Stewardship: Understanding the Structure, Function and Network of Community-based Urban Land Management. Cities and the Environment (CATE), 1. (1), 1-32.

Svendsen, E. S.; Campbell, L. K. 2005.The Urban Ecology Collaborative Assessment: Understanding the Structure, Function, and Network of Local Environmental Stewardship. (pdf)

Book Chapters

Garcia, Zachary ; Sachdeva, Sonya ; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika 2020.Translating spiritual experience into environmental stewardship at Jamaica Bay, New York City. In: Cocks, Michelle L.; Shackleton, Charlie M., eds. Urban Nature: Enriching Belonging, Wellbeing, and Bioculture. New York, NY: Routledge. 144-165. Chapter 8.

McMillen, Heather ; Campbell, Lindsay ; Giardina, Christian ; Svendsen, Erika ; Kealiikanakaoleohaililani, Kekuhi ; Francisco, Kainana 2020. Living in kinship within urban landscapes through equitable, multicultural, and collaborative stewardship in New York City. In: Cocks, Michelle L.; Shackleton, Charlie M., eds. Urban Nature: Enriching Belonging, Wellbeing, and Bioculture. New York, NY: Routledge. 219-240. Chapter 12.

Connolly, James J.T.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Fisher, Dana R.; Campbell, Lindsay K.. 2015. Mixed methods analysis of urban environmental stewardship networks. In: Ruth, Matthias, ed. Handbook of research methods and applications in environmental studies. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing: 102-121. Chapter 5.

Svendsen, E. S. 2013. Storyline and Design: How Civic Stewardship Shapes Urban Design in New York City. In S. T. A. Pickett, M. L. Cadenasso, & B. McGrath (Eds.), Resilience in Ecology and Urban Design: Linking Theory and Practice for Sustainable Cities. (Vol. 3, pp. 269–287). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5341-9.

Brinkley, W.; Wolf, K.L.; Blahna, D.J. 2010. Stewardship Footprints and Potential Ecosystem Recovery: Preliminary Data for Seattle and Puget Sound. In D.N. Laband (ed.) Linking Science and Society. Proceedings of Emerging Issues Along Urban/Rural Interfaces III. Atlanta, GA.

Svendsen, E. S. 2009. Cultivating Resilience?: Urban Stewardship as a Means to Improving Health and Well-being, 58-87. In L. K. Campbell and A. Wiesen (Eds.), Restorative Commons: Creating Health and Well-Being Through Urban Landscapes. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-P-39. Newtown Square, PA : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 278 p.

White Papers, Reports, and Theses

Wagner, Julia; Plitt, Sophie; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Johnson, Michelle L. 2022. STEW-MAP NYC User Research Report. NYC Urban Field Station - STEW-MAP White Paper. 17 p. (pdf)

Dacks, R.; McMillen, H.; Kahaleua, K. 2021. STEW-MAP Oʻahu: Survey Results of the Stewardship Mapping and Assessment Project 2019. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, Honolulu.

Boman, Johanna. 2017. Environmental Stewardship Nurturing urban environmental stewardship – a case study of Greenpoint, Brooklyn New York. Masters Thesis. Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, 71pps. (pdf)

Golly, Krystle M., "Assessing the distribution of environmental stewardship organizations and their relationship to the demographics of Los Angeles County" (2017).LMU/LLS Theses and Dissertations. 319.

Landau, Laura F. 2017. "Place-Based Approaches to Community Resilience through Response, Recovery, and Preparedness." Master of Science in City and Regional Planning Thesis, School of Architecture, Pratt Institute. Posted with permission, 2017.01.11. (pdf)

Boicourt, Kate; Pirani, Robert; Johnson, Michelle; Svendsen, Erika; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2016. Connecting with our waterways: an assessment of public access and stewardship in the New York - New Jersey Harbor Estuary. New York, NY: NY-NJ Harbor and Estuary Program; and Hudson River Foundation. 36 p.

Fisher, Dana R.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Waggle, Joseph; Galli, Anya M.; Low, Sarah C. 2015. Under the Green Umbrella: A Census of Civic Environmental Stewardship Organizations in the City of Philadelphia. Program for Society and the Environment, University of Maryland and US Forest Service, Northern Research Station White Paper. 29 p. (pdf)

Romolini, M.; Brinkley, W.; Wolf, K.L. 2012. What is Urban Environmental Stewardship? Constructing a Practitioner-Derived Framework. Research Note PNW-RN-566, Pacific Northwest Research Station, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 41 p.

Fisher, D. R.; Connolly, J. J.; Svendsen, E. S.; Campbell, L. K. 2011. DIGGING TOGETHER: Why people volunteer to help plant one million trees in New York City. Environmental Stewardship Project at the Center for Society and Environment of the University of Maryland White Paper #1. 36 p. (pdf)

Fisher, D. R.; Connolly, J. J.; Svendsen, E. S.; Campbell, L. K. 2010. Who Volunteers to Steward the Urban Forest in New York City? An analysis of participants in MillionTreesNYC planting events. Environmental Stewardship Project White Paper #1. 33 p. (pdf)

Webinars & Presentations

Plitt, Sophie. 2021. “STEW-MAP Lightning Talk” The Nature of Cities Global Festival. 2/10/21

Campbell, Lindsay K. and Grove, J. Morgan. STEW-MAP and Urban Tree Canopy Assessment: Two Tools to Improve Natural Resource Management and Outcomes. Recorded webinar, October 2017.

Canadian Institute of Forestry / Institut Forestier du Canada National Electronic Lectures - Urban Forestry E-Lecture Series hosted in collaboration with Tree Canada. November 16, 2017. E-Lecture presented by Lindsay K Campbell - NYC Urban Field Station "STEW-MAP as a Tool for Urban Forest Stewardship and Community Resiliency”.

Svendsen, E. S. Who Cares for the City? The Nature of Cities website. October 9, 2013.

Romolini, M.; Brinkley, W.; Wolf, K.L. 2010. What is urban environmental stewardship? Working toward a practitioner-derived definition in Seattle. Cities and the Environment. 3(1):poster 21.

STEW-MAP: Understanding Urban Environmental Stewardship in New York City with Erika S. Svendsen and Lindsay K. Campbell, for the Woodland Owner Networks. (Webinar, April 2009) 12 minutes.

STEW-MAP: Using social-spatial-network analysis to understand urban environmental stewardship in New York City and beyond, with Lindsay Campbell and Erika Svendsen, US Forest Service, Northern Research Station, New York City. (Webinar, May 2008) 30 minutes.


New York City Survey

Project Summaries

2017 Fall Current Topics Newsletter: STEW-MAP: Amplifying the Power of Urban Environmental Stewardship Groups

Bridger-Teton STEW-MAP

Chicago Region STEW-MAP

New York City STEW-MAP fact sheet

New York City Press Release

STEW-MAP One-Pager

News, Events, and More

Last modifiedMay 7, 2019->