Life History and Disturbance Response of Quercus ellipsoidalis (Northern Pin Oak)
Guild: persistent, large seeded, advance growth dependent
Functional Lifeform: medium sized deciduous tree
Ecological Role: The Northern pin oak is found in both dry upland wood and in the lowlands along streams and ponds. It does well in rich well-drained soils, particularly those that contain clay. It associates with a variety of oaks and hickories, as well as red and white pine. It is the most drought tolerant oak.
Lifespan, yrs (typical/max): 15-20m
Canopy Tree: yes
Pollination Agent: wind
Seeding, yrs (begins/optimal/declines): 20/?/?
Mast Frequency, yrs: 3-4 yrs
New Cohorts Source: seeds or sprouts
Flowering Dates: early spring
Seedfall Begins: fall
Seed Banking: yes
Seed Type/Dispersal Distance/Agent: nut/50m/ gravity or animal
Seedling Rooting System: tap root also develops wide spreading lateral roots
Sprouting: stump sprouts or root suckers
Establishment Seedbed Preferences:
Substrate: sandy preferred
Fire: Northern pin oak is well adapted to fire. Its thick bark allows it to survive even annual burning. If top killed trees sprout from the stump or root collar.