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New York City Urban Field Station

Forest for All NYC

Forest For All NYC logoForest for All NYC is a cross-sector coalition created to bring a shared vision, plan, and more champions to protect and grow New York City's urban forest. Everyone in New York City deserves equitable access to trees and their many benefits to human health and well-being.
Learn more and view the NYC Urban Forest Agenda >>

Featured Publications

Cover image from book- City of Forests City of FarmsCity of Forests, City of Farms: Sustainability Planning for New York City’s Nature is a history of recent urban forestry and agriculture policy and programs in New York City. The book examines PlaNYC, the city's sustainability plan, to consider how and why nature is constructed in New York City.


[image:] cover from MillionTreesNYC: the intergration of research and practiceMillion TreesNYC: the integration of research and practice


Book cover imageUrban Forests, Trees and Greenspace: This book brings a perspective of political ecology to the complexities of urban trees and forests through three themes: human agency in urban forests and greenspace; arboreal and greenspace agency in the urban landscape; and actions and interventions in the urban forest.


Publication cover imageUrban Environ-mental Stewardship and Civic Engagement: As people around the world increasingly relocate to urban areas, this book discusses how they engage in urban stewardship and what civic participation in the environment means for democracy.

Featured Partnership

Experiences and Explorations of Urban Plants and People
One-day International Symposium, Subsequent Workshop, and Field Trip
Rutgers University
September 23-25, 2016

New Urban Forestry Protocol by Forest Inventory & Analysis

Forest Ecology and Management

Urban trees in Brooklyn Heights.One of New York City’s PlaNYC initiatives, MillionTreesNYC is a public-private program with the ambitious goal of planting and caring for one million new trees over by 2017. By growing the urban forest, the City hopes to reduce air pollution, cool temperatures and help advance long term sustainability. As part of this initiative, the New York City Department of Parks & Recreation is planting 220,000 new street trees, aiming to fill city sidewalks with an urban forest. Much of the remaining planting goal will be met through large reforestation efforts on the City’s 11,000 acres of natural areas, while other trees and forests will be planted on a variety of public and private properties throughout the City.


The Urban Field Station has supported that effort by:

Research Products

Simmons, Brady L.; Hallett, Richard A.; Sonti, Nancy Falxa; Auyeung, D.S.N.; Lu, Jacqueline W.T. 2016. Long-term outcomes of forest restoration in an urban park. Restoration Ecology. 24(1): 109-118.

Campbell, Lindsay K. 2014. Constructing New York City's urban forest. The politics and governance of the MillionTreesNYC campaign

Grove, J. Morgan; Locke, Dexter H.; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M.. 2014. An ecology of prestige in New York City: Examining the relationships among population density, socio-economic status, group identity, and residential canopy cover

Locke, Dexter H.; King, Kristen L.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Small, Christopher; Sonti, Nancy F.; Fisher, Dana R.; Lu, Jacqueline W.T.. 2014. Urban environmental stewardship and changes in vegetative cover and building footprint in New York City neighborhoods (2000-2010)

Zalesny, Ronald S.; Hallett, Richard A.; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy; Wiese, Adam H.; Birr, Bruce A.. 2014. Propagating native Salicaceae for afforestation and restoration in New York City's five boroughs

King, Kristen L.; Locke, Dexter H. 2013. A comparison of three methods for measuring local urban tree canopy cover. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry. 39(2): 62-67.

Locke, Dexter; Grove, J. Morgan; Lu, Jacqueline W.T.; Troy, Austin; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath P.M.; Beck, Brian. 2010. Prioritizing preferable locations for increasing urban tree canopy in New York City. Cities and the Environment 3(1):18 p.

Lu, Jacqueline W.T.; Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Greenfeld, Jennifer; Braden, Jessie; King, Kristen; Falxa-Raymond, Nancy. 2010. Biological, social, and urban design factors affecting young street tree mortality in New York City. Cities and the Environment. 3(1): 1-15.

Maddox, David, comp. ed. 2010. Supporting success: Making the transition to green collar jobs. New York, NY: MilliontreesNYC. 24 p. Unpublished report.

MillionTreesNYC, Green Infrastructure, and Urban Ecology: A Research Symposium. 2010. Special Issue of Cities and the Environment (CATE).

MillionTreesNYC Advisory Board Research & Evaluation Subcommittee. 2009. MillionTreesNYC, Green Infrastructure, and Urban Ecology: Building a Research Agenda. Report from the May 2009 Research Workshop

Campbell, Lindsay. 2008. Bronx Youth Urban Forestry Empowerment Program Evaluation.

Nowak, David J.; Hoehn, Robert E., III; Crane, Daniel E.; Stevens, Jack C.; Walton, Jeffrey T.. 2007. Assessing urban forest effects and values, New York City's urban forest. Resour. Bull. NRS-9. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 22 p.

Grove, J. Morgan; O'Neil-Dunne, Jarlath; Pelletier, Keith; Nowak, David; Walton, Jeff. 2006. A Report on New York City's Present and Possible Urban Tree Canopy.

Pouyat, Richard V.; Carreiro, Margaret M.. 2003. Controls on mass loss and nitrogen dynamics of oak leaf litter along an urban-rural land-use gradient

Nowak, David J.; Crane, Daniel E.; Stevens, Jack C.; Ibarra, Myriam. 2002. Brooklyn's urban forest. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-290. Newtown Square, PA: U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station 107 p.

Pouyat, Richard V.. 2001. Short- and long-term effects of site factors on net N-mineralization and nitrification rates along an urban-rural gradient

Pouyat, R. V.; Groffman, P. M.; Carreiro, M. M.; Bohlen, P.; Parmelee, R. W. 1996. Temperature and earthworm effects on C and N dynamics in oak stands along an urban-rural land use gradient.

Urban Forestry Bibliography- The Urban Forestry Bibliography is a comprehensive list of peer reviewed resources on urban forestry and natural resource management. Download in EndNote or pdf