History of emerald ash borer biological control
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In: Van Driesche, R.G.; Reardon, R.C., eds. Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET-2014-09. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team: 83-95. Chapter 5.
The search for natural enemies of the emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in northeastern Asia, its native range, was initiated within a year of its discovery in the United States (Bauer et al., 2005, 2014). Although the official response to EAB’s invasion in both the United States and Canada was to regulate and attempt to eradicate EAB, the size and complexity of the outbreak prompted scientists and policy makers to support exploration for natural enemies as a potential tool for management of EAB. In 2008, when populations of EAB were already known to occur in nine states, the U.S. government moved from a policy of eradication to one of management (USDA-APHIS, 2013). By this time, scientists had completed all the steps necessary to secure permits for field release of three EAB natural enemies (host range assessment and safety evaluations) from China, and the use of these parasitoids was incorporated into the EAB management plan. This chapter documents the considerable efforts that went into making this possible in just five years.
Gould, Juli R.; Bauer, Leah S.; Duan, Jian J.; Williams, David; Liu, Houping. 2015. History of emerald ash borer biological control. In: Van Driesche, R.G.; Reardon, R.C., eds. Biology and control of emerald ash borer. FHTET-2014-09. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team: 83-95. Chapter 5.