Publication Details

The power of living things: Living memorials as therapeutic landscapes

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Year Published



Medicine Anthropology Theory. 4(1):185-192.


In response to the events of 11 September 2001 (9/11), many communities came together to create living memorials. Many living memorials were established near the crash sites, but others were created across the United States from urban to rural areas, with designs ranging from entire forests to single trees. They were created by surviving family members, supporters of local firefighters, medical center staff, teachers and students, garden club members, performance artists, religious leaders, foresters, and other members of the public.


living memorial; resilience; stewardship; symbolism; trees


McMillen, Heather L.; Campbell, Lindsay K.; Svendsen, Erika S. 2017. The power of living things: Living memorials as therapeutic landscapes. Medicine Anthropology Theory. 4(1):185-192.

Last updated on: April 21, 2017