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In: Batzer, Darold; Boix, Dani, eds. Invertebrates in freshwater wetlands. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing: 219-250. Chapter 7.
Peat can develop in any wetland area where plant production exceeds decomposition. Peatlands are most prevalent in fl at landscapes at high latitudes (tundra, boreal zones) where coo l temperatures, low evaporation rates, water-logging, and low pH combine to retard plant decomposition (Vitt 1994 ; Rochefort et al. 2012 ). Although much less expansive, peatlands can also occur under other climatic conditions provided decomposition is still slow (see the below section on the Okefenokee Swamp). Peatlands are often classifi ed as either bogs or fens, with bogs receiving nutrients almost exclusively from precipitation (i.e., ombrotrophic) and fens also receiving nutrients from surface or subsurface inputs of water.
Batzer, Darold; Wu, Haitao; Wheeler, Terry; Eggert, Sue. 2016. Peatland Invertebrates. In: Batzer, Darold; Boix, Dani, eds. Invertebrates in freshwater wetlands. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing: 219-250. Chapter 7. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24978-0_7.