Publication Details

Three new black Elaphomyces species (Elaphomycetaceae, Eurotiales, Ascomycota) from eastern North America with notes on selected European species

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Castellano, M.A. ; Elliott, T.F. ; Trappe, J.M.

Year Published

2018

Publication

Fungal Systematics and Evolution

Abstract

We describe three new species of Elaphomyces from eastern North America. Of the three, Elaphomyces loebiae is the rarest, known only from North Carolina and South Carolina, and appears to associate primarily with ectomycorrhizal hardwoods but possibly also with conifers. Elaphomyces cibulae is widely distributed but disjunct from Florida, Mississippi, and North Carolina. Elaphomyces cibulae seems to primarily associate with Quercus species. Elaphomyces mitchelliae has the widest distribution of the three species, from Florida, Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia, and appears to associate with either ectomycorrhizal hardwoods and/or conifers. In the course of comparing our new Elaphomyces species to previously described European species we discovered that E. persoonii var. minor is conspecific in all essential details with and thus a synonym of E. cyanosporus.

Keywords

ectomycorrhiza; hypogeous fungi; new taxa; sequestrate fungi

Citation

Castellano, M.A.; Elliott, T.F.; Trappe, J.M. 2018. Three new black Elaphomyces species (Elaphomycetaceae, Eurotiales, Ascomycota) from eastern North America with notes on selected European species. Fungal Systematics and Evolution. 1(1): 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3114/fuse.2018.01.01.

Last updated on: June 15, 2022