Response of the Cottonwood Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis var. san diego
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Environmental Entomology 19(2):428-431
A standardized laboratory bioassay was used to quantify the lethal and sub-lethal responses of larval and adult cottonwood leaf beetles, Chrysomela scripta F., to Bacillus thuringiensis var. san diego, formulated as M-One standard powder (Mycogen Corporation, San Diego). The median lethal concentration (LC50) for second instars, after a 96-h exposure to B. thuringiensis var. san diego, was 21,000 Colorado potato beetle international units per milliliter water. The LC50 estimates for the third instars and adults were 20 and 40 times higher than for second instars, respectively. Larval LC, 50 estimates were halved when mortality for the entire larval period was included in the LC, 50 estimate. Adult mortality continued for approximately 14 d after initial exposure to Bacillus thuringiensis var. san diego. The adult LC50 calculated at 14 d was half the 4-d estimate. Age of adults at treatment did not significantly affect the LC50. Median lethal times (LT50) were similar for larvae and adults, with overlapping confidence limits ranging from 2.1 to 3.5 d. Larvae surviving treatments as second and third instars showed a significant dose-dependent decrease in adult dry weight at eclosion and an increase in the larval developmental period.
KeywordsInsecta; Chrysomela scripta; Bacillus thuringiensis; Populus
Bauer, Leah S. 1990. Response of the Cottonwood Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to Bacillus thuringiensis var. san diego. Environmental Entomology 19(2):428-431 https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/19.2.428.